Raden Kartini was born on April 21, 1879 in the town of Jepara, Central Java. He is one of a nobleman whose son was very obedient to the tradition. After graduating from elementary school he was not allowed to continue their education to a higher level by the parents. He secluded while waiting for the time to be married. Small Kartini very sad with this, he wanted to oppose but did not dare for fear of being considered a rebellious child. To eliminate the grief, he collects textbooks and other science books then read at home in the company of Simbok garden (aide).
Finally read into his interest, no day without reading. All books, including reading newspapers. If there is difficulty in understanding the books and newspapers he reads, he always asks his Father. Through this book, Kartini interested in the advancement of women think Europe (the Netherlands, who was still colonized Indonesia). Arise desire to promote Indonesian women. Women are not only the kitchen but also must have knowledge. He started with collecting the girls to be taught writing and other sciences. Amid his busy he did not stop to read and also write a letter to his friends who were in the Netherlands. Before long he was writing a letter to Mr.JH Abendanon. He begged awarded a scholarship to study in the Netherlands.
Scholarship had not gotten used Kartini as he married off by her parents to Raden Duke Joyodiningrat. After she married her husband go to the Apex area. Her husband understood Kartini and supporting women to establish schools. Thanks to his perseverance Kartini succeeded in establishing a Women’s School in Semarang, Surabaya, Yogyakarta, Malang, Madiun, Cirebon and other areas. The school name is “Kartini Schools”. Fame does not make Kartini being arrogant, he remained polite, respecting family and anyone else, does not differentiate between poor and rich.
On 17 September 1904, Kartini died at the age of 25, after she gave birth to her first son. After Kartini died, Mr.JH Abendanon memngumpulkan and posted the letters which had been sent to the RA Kartini his friends in Europe. The book entitled “DOOR DUISTERNIS TOT LICHT” which means “Out of Darkness to Light”.
Hopefully this time will be reborn in Indonesia Kartini Kartini else will fight for the interests of the many. In the era of Kartini, late 19th century until the early 20th century, the women of this country have not gained freedom in many ways. They are not allowed to obtain higher education like the guy has not even been allowed to determine
partner / husband alone, and so forth.
Kartini was not free to choose even felt they had no choice at all because it was born as a woman, also always treated differently with his brothers and friends that man, and envy the freedom of Dutch women, eventually growing desire and determination in his heart to change the habits of the poor. Recently, the determination of the date of birth of the Kartini as somewhat moot. With a variety of arguments, each side giving their own opinions. People who are not so agree, there are just not celebrate Kartini Day, but at the same time to celebrate Mother’s Day on 22 December.
The reason they are so no favoritism with women heroes of Indonesia. But more extreme to say, there is still another heroine who is more powerful than RA Kartini. According to them, it was just a territory battle in Jepara Kartini and Apex alone, Kartini also never bear arms against the invaders. And a variety of other reasons. While they are pro instead saying Kartini not just a figure of a woman who raised the degree of emancipation of Indonesian women alone but is a means of national figures, with new ideas and reforms that he has been fighting for the interests of the nation. The way he thought was in the national scope. Youth Pledge though not coined at that time, but his thoughts are not restricted to the ground kelahiranya or Java. Kartini had reached national maturity of thought that nationalism is like that proposed by the Youth Pledge 1928.
Regardless of the pros and cons, in this nation’s history we know many of the names of heroine we like Cut Nya ‘Dien, Cut Mutiah, Nyi. Ageng Serang, Dewi Sartika, Nyi Ahmad Dahlan, Ny. Walandouw Maramis, Martha Christina Tiahohu, and others. They fought in the area, at the time, and in different ways. There is fighting in Aceh, Java, the Moluccas, and other Manado. There is fighting in the Dutch colonial era, the Japanese colonial era, or after independence. There are striving to take up arms, there is through education, through the organization and there are other ways. They are all warriors of the nation, the nation’s heroes who deserve our respect and emulate.
Raden Kartini itself is a hero who took a special place in our hearts with all ideals, determination, and his actions. Ideas magnitude has been able to mobilize and inspire the struggle of his people from ignorance is not realized in the past. With genuine courage and sacrifice, he was able to inspire his people from the shackles of discrimination. For women themselves, with initial efforts are now women in this country have enjoyed what is called the equality. The struggle is not over, in this era of globalization is still a lot of perceived oppression and unfair treatment of women.